The Contrast War

October 2, 2016 ·

Johan Lund

In music production circles there is a concept called ”the loudness war”. The phenomenon that we perceive music that is louder as better has led engineers into a contest of increasing the perceived loudness of the material to a point where its dynamic range is getting compromised and effectively reducing the quality of music overall.

If we translate volume in music to contrast & saturation in the visual arts, we could argue that a similar war is taking place in photography.

We have all, at some time, fallen in love with those sliders that increase the “volume” of an image. I’m talking about contrast, saturation, vibrance, sharpness, clarity etc. Experimenting with those sliders is a lot of fun and can quickly turn any boring photo into a more exciting and energetic one. Early on I too loved such editing techniques and used it to impress friends and family with my out-of-this-world type images. I quickly discovered that I could go even further with RAW, HDR and tonemapping. The clarity slider simply wasn’t enough anymore so I started searching for the next level with specialized plugins for adding artificial texture, increasing local contrast, and HDR. I wasn’t the first however and I sure wasn’t alone. A quick look at my social network feeds reveal a complete flood of over processed, saturated and overly contrasty images. Black clouds and neon blue skies are the norm now it seems. A contest in contrast!

 

New Era - Early work. This is the first picture that I ever sold. I used to love making this type of heavily processed images.
New Era – Early work. This is the first picture that I ever sold. I used to love making this type of heavily processed images.

A couple of years ago I got tired of the over processed look and went in the complete opposite direction. I wanted to create a quiet, slightly faded and not too attention grabbing look that would look great when printed large. I experimented with ways of reducing the contrast and the saturation without loosing the image itself. I found that keeping a lot of punch in the mid tones was essential while blacks and highlights were less crucial. I became more careful of not treating the entire image uniformly. Some images just did not stand well on their own when the special effects were removed. I think you have to ask yourself what it is that truly matters in the image. If the answer is; the special effects – maybe you should reconsider that one. The low contrast look also demanded certain qualities from the image, such as simplicity and subtlety, so I began actively searching for images that would fit that style. Images I had previously rejected was seen in a new light. To further complement the idea I experimented with printing on papers I had not previously considered, such as thick textured papers with lower DMAX.

 Into the mist - The first thing we learn as photographers is to contrast optimize. This image has no black point and no pure white point. I don’t think it needs it. This has a different feel.
Into the mist – The first thing we learn as photographers is to contrast optimize. This image has no black point and no pure white point. I don’t think it needs it. This has a different feel.

 

I’m still experimenting but my images started to look different. I think they became more painterly and more serene. Possibly a new personal style and preference was emerging with an added benefit of continuity.

 

Mountains of Calima
Mountains of Calima – Almost a study in simplicity! Very little contrast. Not very exciting, but sometimes that’s exactly what you need. I have always loved the layered effect of distant mountains and wanted to capture only that.

What I’m trying to get across is not that heavily processed images are bad. When the image asks for it and its done right it can be great and I love that too. But sometimes it’s just a good idea to do things in completely different way from how you’ve always done it!

 

Keen Swan
Keen Swan

I’m sure this would have looked great as a perfectly optimized color image. But it would just have been another photograph. Now it looks like a piece of art.


Johan Lund
August 2016

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Johan Lund

Johan Lund is nature- and landscape photographer from the west coast of Sweden. He has spent most of his life in various creative fields - working as a music producer, scientist and software developer. As a photographer, Johan is an emerging artist currently striking a chord with the Swedish audience. Website: http://johanlund.com Facebook: http://facebook.com/johanlundphoto Email: info@johanlund.com

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